Memorising utai: yowagin and tsuyogin

There are two main types of chant in Noh theatre: tsuyogin or 'strong', 'dynamic' chant and yowagin, or 'weak', 'melodic' style. As the name suggests, the first is powerful and energetic, while the second is melodic. Tsuyogin emphasises rhythm, while yowagin emphasises melody. In Yashima, the play I am memorising at the moment, tsuyogin is used to describe battle …